Resources for Fostering Student Agency

Fostering Student Agency How-To's

Fostering Metacognition (coming soon)

Books and Articles


Chapter 7, How Do Students Become Self-Directed Learners in “Ambrose, Susan A.; Bridges, Michael W.; DiPietro, Michele; Lovett, Marsha C.;

Norman, Marie K. (2010-04-16). How Learning Works: Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching (The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series). Wiley Publishing.

Teaching Metacognitive Skills


Using Metacognition to Promote Learning

Fostering Metacognition in K12 Classrooms: Recommendations for Practice

Carol Dweck Revisits the ‘Growth Mindset’



Richard M. Ryan and Edward L. Deci. (2000) “Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions and New Directions” Contemporary Educational Psychology 25, 54–67

Richard M. Ryan and Edward L. Deci. (2000)“The “What” and “Why” of Goal Pursuits: Human Needs and the Self-Determination of Behavior” Psychological Inquiry Copyright, Vol. 11, No. 4, 227–268

Stefanou, Candace R. (2004) “Supporting Autonomy in the Classroom: Ways Teachers Encourage Student Decision Making and Ownership.” Educational Psychologist 39(2), 97-110

Reeve, Johmarshall (2016) “Autonomy-Supportive Teaching: What It Is, How to Do It” Chapter DOI 10.1007/978-981-287-630-0_7

Taylor, Geneviève et. al.  (2014) “A self-determination theory approach to predicting school achievement over time: The unique role of intrinsic motivation”  Contemporary Educational Psychology

For more research on motivation, go to the Self-Determination Theory Site


Pintrich, Paul. “The Role of Metacognitive Knowledge in Learning, Teaching, and Assessing.” Theory Into Practice (2011)

Bransford, Brown, & Cocking. “How People Learn.”  (2000)

Anneke Vrugt, Frans J. Oort. “Metacognition, achievement goals, study strategies and academic achievement: pathways to achievement.” Metacognition and Learning

August 2008, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 123–146

John Perry, David Lundie & Gill Golder.” Metacognition in schools: what does the literature suggest about the effectiveness of teaching metacognition in schools?” Journal of Educational Review (2018)